A simple but effective method to renovate pastures is to broadcast the legume seed (clover and annual lespedeza) on the soil surface in late winter (ideally February) or when there are 4 to 6 weeks of potential frost at night. As the soil freezes and thaws, the seeds become covered. This method does not work as well with alfalfa or grasses. As described above, make sure the stand is grazed or cut closely so that nearly all plant residue is removed and the legume seed hits the soil surface. To read this and other publications, visit the UK Forage Extension Publication page.